What is special about Emmendingen? Before 1933 the town had a thriving Jewish community until October 22, 1940, when within one day all Jews from Baden and Palatinate were rounded up and were subsequently transported to a internment camp in Gurs in southwestern France. Many of those who survived the four day transport died in the camp in the following years. The rest was transported to Auschwitz in 1944 and ended in the gas chambers. A memorial plate at the place of the synagogue, already destroyed on November 9, 1938, recalls this barbaric act.
|Memorial plate in Emmendingen at the site of the former synagogue|
*For the unfamiliar spelling of Göthe aka Goethe (the second occurrence on the plate) read my blog about umlauts
|Information plate at Johann Georg Schlosser's residence|
The second name that caught my attention is Lenz, Georg Büchner's hero. Jakob Michael Reinhold Lenz on his way from Weimar to the Alsace actually lived in Emmendingen in a small house, a former summer house of the margraves, from 1776 to 1778 before he moved on and walked through the Vosges mountains.
|Lenz-Häuschen in Emmendingen's Schlosspark|