Saturday, April 22, 2017

March for Science

The NYT claimed that more than 500 cities around the world will participate in today's March for Science. If this is so Freiburg is among 22 cities  in Germany and Red Baron participated in the march in spite of his painful legs.

When Red Baron arrived early at the meeting place, Platz der Weißen Rose on university campus, he met a few participants, read their slogans, and above all he got hold of a commemorative button.


The sexist biologists

A nice family in protest against homeopathy.
Globuli are compared to gummi bears.

Knowledge (science) provides future.
Not all what has been discovered has turned out to be beneficial.

Kulturbürgermeister
Ulrich von Kirchbach and friend
Red Baron wearing sandals
from April 1, to October 15.

We are ready for the march
I regarded the Freiburg March as a supporting move to the Mother of all Marches for Science in Washington. The NYT wrote: You start seeing headlines that say environmentalists are the new Marxists, said Aaron M. McCright, a sociologist at Michigan State University, who has studied the politicalization of science. And he continued that the March for Science will most likely further the partisan divide over scientific issues, especially if there are no prominent conservative speakers, mostly because the media echo chambers that individuals follow will frame the event for them.

Soon some well known Americans arrived at the Platz der Weißen Rose. I told them that in Germany creationist movements and organizations denying man-made climatic change either do not exist or are looked upon with a certain smile. Later Red Baron learned and had to admit that right at Germany's front door "fakeless" science has a hard time in Hungary and Poland.

Here comes a photo gallery of our march from the university campus to Augustinerplatz:

Marching through Bertoldstraße with the streetcars on hold.
I talked to the man with the sign and told him in English that he was at the wrong rally.
It turned out that he was a German.

Blowing the above photo up:
There is a familiar face wearing a cap in the center.

Still on Bertoldstraße aproaching Bertoldsbrunnen ...

... and passing through St. Martin's Gate ...

... we finally arrived at Augustinerplatz.

There were an estimated 2500 participants.
Still behind me the guy with his sign.

The following speeches were introduced by guitar players.

There is a renaissance of dogmatic world views, University Rector Professor Hans-Jochen Schiewer warned, with contemporaries bending the world into their shape. Freiburg's university has joined the international program Scholars at Risk to help endangered scientists. Last week the university granted a scholarship to a doctoral student from Burundi.

Instead of a calling lies what they are scientists delivering facts are discredited, Mayor Ulrich von Kirchbach critized and stressed Freiburg's solidarity with scientists world wide.

Wednesday, April 19, 2017

Adenauer

On April 19, 50 years ago Konrad Adenauer, first chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany, died. On this occasion Der Spiegel published an article Geheimakte Adenauer (Adenauer's secret files) revealing that amongst other deeds der Alte (the old fox) had used the secret services to spy on the opposition party (Social Democrats) and its leaders.

@Der Spiegel
They also mentioned again the arrest of Der Spiegel's editor in chief, Rudolf Augstein, in 1962 for publishing an article: Bedingt abwehrbereit (Limited Preparedness) claiming that the German Bundeswehr (defense force) was incapable of meeting an attack from the Eastern Block. Adenauer accused Augstein and his collaborators of high treason stating in the Bundestag (parliament): Ich schaue in einen Abgrund von Landesverrat (I am looking into an abyss of treason).

What the chancellor did not expect: The German people stood up and showed that democracy Adenauer had vaccinated them with worked. In the aftermath of the Spiegel Affair he had to fire several of his ministers and reshuffle the government and never regained his popularity.

At the beginning of his chancellorship* Adenauer's credo was based on three pillars: Integrating Germany into the western alliance in spite of deferring German reunification for ever and a day, reconciliation with France, and social market economy leading to the Wirtschaftswunder (Germany's economic miracle).
*Adenauer became chancellor at an age of 73 with a one vote majority (his own) in 1949 and stepped back in 1963 at an age of 87.

Adenauer, a man educated in the Kaiserreich of the19th century and at the end plagued by senil stubbornness, understood democracy as being something useful for his Christian Democratic Party. His opinion about the German voter: Der dumme Bürger, meine Herren - und der Bürger in Deutschland, ich weiß nicht wie er anderswo ist, ist strohdumm! -, glaubt das. (The dumb citizen, gentlemen - and the citizen of Germany, I don't know how he is elsewhere, is empty-headed! -, believe that).

Nevertheless in Adenauer's case we should not apply Shakespeare's dictum: The evil that men do lives after them; the good is oft interred with their bones. 

Requiescas in pace, Konrad, Du hast Dich um Dein Land verdient gemacht! (May you rest in peace, Konrad, you served your country well!)

Sunday, April 16, 2017

LEDs on Freiburg's Münster Church

Just in time for Easter Freiburg's Münster church is presented in a proper light. Landmarks around Germany are generally illuminated during night hours but the Münster had been treated as a stepchild in the past. A couple of years ago spotlights at neighboring buildings using light bulbs did the job until is was acknowledged that their energy consumption was unacceptable for a green city.

It happened that seven years ago Germany's federal government promoting LED illumination for public buildings asked cities to submit proposals. Freiburg was selected among all those who had sent their suggestions to Berlin. For the illumination of the Münster alone the city received 750,000 euros.

The new lighting comprised 55 spots imbedded in the ground and 64 distributed around the church. From the beginning people complained that the new illumination was too dim, an experience Red Baron had made when changing his light spots at home to LEDs; always select a more intense light source than recommended, i.e., choose LEDs of higher watts.

Soon the lighting around the Münster became even dimmer as many of the 55 spots imbedded in the ground became wet and conked out.

Following debates and new expertise the city council invested another 330,000 euros in new LEDs but keeping the infrastructure. This time the result is spectacular.

The scaffolding around the steeple should disappear by the end of the year (©BZ/Thomas Kunz)
The total electrical power used is only 1.3 kilowatts and the new light sources should last at least 20 years, too long for Red Baron to check.

Lagniappe: Americans always wonder why Germans are crazy about white asparagus. Here is what Elisabeth and I had today on Easter Sunday.

Sunday, April 9, 2017

Circle of Friends Day

Today on Palm Sunday the Tag der Freundeskreise took place at the premesis of the Volkshochschule Freiburg (VHS).


At its stand the Freiburg-Madison-Gesellschaft informed visitors about its yearly program, its contacts to the citizens of Madsison, WI., its commitment to the Academic Year in Freiburg (AYF), and its close collaboration with the Carl-Schurz-Haus. We showed films about Madison and distributed flyers.


Special attention was given to the Prairie Project at Freiburg's Mundenhof.


We had some special guests from Madison, here together with FMG's President Toni Schlegel.


In the meantime Red Baron gave his talk about: Von badischen Revolutionären zu Forty-Eighters. For those of you who read German; here is the link to a pdf-file. You may as well look at the pictures.

Thursday, April 6, 2017

No Bach Without Luther

Last Sunday Red Baron listened to a concert at the nearby Christuskirche. This Lutheran church was built in the years 1889 to 1891 giving non-Catholics living in the Wiehre a home. The city of Freiburg donated the plot for the church under the condition that there shall be a tall steeple. This condition fulfilled Mayor Otto Winterer's maxim: A village has roofs, a town sports steeples.

Christ church and it's steeple
Following the interior the surroundings of the church were completely redecorated for the celebration of 500 years of Reformation.

Red Baron arrived early for the concert and participated in - as all the other listeners already present - rehearsing the chorals we were asked to sing together with the choir in concert.


The Bach cantata we listened to are called choral cantata. They are complex consisting of music pieces sung by a choir, arias performed by soloists, recitatives, and chorals. He wrote 224 of them, 200 with religious themes. Bach's most-know secular cantata is the Kaffeekantate (Coffee Cantata) BWV 211.

Once again I experienced that instruments are more transparent at a life performance then at any recording. I was mostly impressed by the temperamentvoll abwärtspolternden Läufe in der Bass-Arie „Stürze to Boden, schwülstige Stolze!" (the lively crashing flow of the bass aria "Hurl to the ground the pompous proud!"). As I read on the Internet: The aria is dramatic, especially in the restless continuo. John Eliot Gardiner quotes William G. Whittaker: Bach’s "righteous indignation at the enemies of his faith was never expressed more fiercely than in this aria".The Bach scholar Alfred Dürr describes the movement as an "aria of genuinely baroque dramatic force", expressing "Old Testament zeal".

It took me some time to find a recording that approximates more or less the life interpretation:



Stürze zu Boden, schwülstige Stolze!
Mache zunichte, was sie erdacht!
Laß sie den Abgrund plötzlich verschlingen,
Wehre dem Toben feindlicher Macht,
Laß ihr Verlangen nimmer gelingen!
Hurl to the ground the pompous proud!
Bring to nothing, what they intended!
Let the abyss suddenly swallow them up,
curb the raging of the enemy's power
May what they long for never come to pass!

The well-known Cantata BWV 80: Ein feste Burg ist unser Gott (A mighty fortress is our God) somehow the national anthem of the Lutheran church closed the concert. The choir introduces the cantata so the congregation has no chance of singing.



The chorus comes at the end with the words of the third verse:

Das Wort sie sollen lassen stahn
Und kein' Dank dazu haben.
Er ist bei uns wohl auf dem Plan
Mit seinem Geist und Gaben.
Nehmen sie uns den Leib,
Gut, Ehr, Kind und Weib,
Laß fahren dahin,
Sie habens kein' Gewinn;
Das Reich muß uns doch bleiben.

The Word they shall allow to stand,
and no thanks they'll get for it.
He's on the field out where we stand!
with all his gifts and Spirit.
Take they from us this life,
goods, name, child, and wife,
Let all these be gone,
they still have nothing won:
the Kingdom shall stay with us.!
It was a mighty sound with congregation and choir singing together:

Sunday, April 2, 2017

500

Should I congratulate myself? Today I am publishing my 500th blog. Red Baron likes keeping a diary that at the same time will serve entertaining his American friends.

One detail however spoils my joy; a bot this time located somewhere in the States and in France? is hacking my blog resulting in a fake visitor's statistics.


Today's blogging will be light presenting you with a couple of spring photos I took at the Wiehre quarter where I live. Here is what I see from my kitchen window for breakfast:


Here is what I look at when walking down Maria-Theresia-Straße:


Did you know that at the Wiehre along Urachstraße we have a Kunstmeile (Mile of Art, Artist's Mile, Art Mile)?

Badisches Saugkalb (Baden Sucking Calf) by Astrid Hohorst (2009) 

Frecher Fratz (Naughty Mug) by Thaddaeus Hüppi (2005)
Spring not only brings new blossoms but new flags too for Freiburg's sister cities on Kaiserbrücke. So we are well prepared for the Partnerschaftsmarkt, the 9th International Meeting of Freiburg's Sister Cities, on June 23 and 24.

Madison's flag renewed

Saturday, April 1, 2017

Super 2017

Red Baron is always fascinated by America's Super Tuesdays. Here in Germany we are presently living through a Super Year with three state elections in spring and our federal election coming up on September 24.

Last Sunday people of Germany's smallest state, the Saarland, started Super 2017. They were called to the polls to elect a new state parliament. Here are the results that are by no means representative for the upcoming federal election but nevertheless are showing some general trends.

©BZ
The CDU, Chancellor Merkel's party, gained an additional 5.5 % of the votes thanks to the excellent work of incumbent Ministerpräsident (Governor) Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer. An analysis showed that older people afraid of a Red-Red coalition between the Social Democrats and the Linke (Left) showed up at the polls in high numbers voting Christian Democrat. At the same time they were boosting voter turnout from 61.6 last time to 69.7 %.

The grand coalition partner SPD lost 1 % and some commentators concluded that the Martin Schulz effect did not work. That is fake news for before Schulz had been nominated chairman of the Social Democrats the party had trailed only at a meager 24 %.

The results were disastrous for the Greens with a mere 4 %. They will no longer be represented in the state parliament*. The ecological party has somewhat lost its reason of existence. Nowadays all German parties have a green touch more or less. In Germany a man made climate change is generally accepted and measures to limit the emission of CO2 are agreed upon although sometimes reluctantly. In addition, the recycling of materials is an absolute must for a country with only lignite as its major natural resource.
*In Germany there exists the so-called 5 % hurdle, i.e., a party must have gained at least 5 % of the votes cast to be represented in parliament.

The Free Democrats generally gain votes of discontented CDU voters but since there were not any failed their entry into the Saarländischer Landtag. Forget the Pirates who had their best time with protest voters around 2012. The fell out of the state parliament.

Nowadays protesters vote AfD (Alternative for Germany) but the mere 6.2% are a bitter disappointment when party officials had rather reckoned with a two digit result.

©ZGV/BRAZ
While fake news are à la mode the AfD produced a fake photo of Martin Schulz presenting him as a liar. Admittedly Martin is no beauty. Alienating his face and facebooking the photo is perfidious, a SPD colleague said, this shall deliver two messages: The hooked nose is the classical hallmark of the eternal Jew as used in the anti-Semitic Nazi propaganda, the puckered lips stand for naïvety. Martin's fake photo heavily backfired in the social media so the AfD withdrew the picture in the meantime.

Did you know that @POTUS congratulated Chancellor Merkel on her?? election victory at the Saar? Ouch! Who told him that fake news?

Saturday, March 25, 2017

Freiburg Under Construction

At present Freiburg is one big construction site. The Verkehrsbetriebe (VAG) are building a new streetcar line running in front of the new university library to the site where once the Siegesdenkmal (victory monument) stood. All the following impressive aerial photos are from a ©BZ photo gallery.

Presently bicycles are parked at the site of the already terminated track bed for the new line in front of the university library. A search for a future parking space is on.


More trees are actually planted at the Square of the Old Synagogue. The municipal theater is on the right, Kollegiengebäude 2 (KG2) on the left, and the old university building (KG1) on the left in the back of the building site.


A water basin marks the layout of the Old Synagogue shown below on an old postcard.



Building activities at the site of the Siegesdenkmal. Note the scaffolded steeple of the Münster church in the back.


Car traffic is greatly compromised with two lanes only.


Seventeen century stonewalled arches of Vauban's fortifications near the Christoffel Gate are exposed.


The arches are located in the north of the plan showing Vauban's masterpiece.


How the area should look at the end of 2018. Note the new site for the Siegesdenkmal and the new streetcar tracks.



Thursday, March 23, 2017

March 23, 1933

Eighty-four years ago today the German Reichstag passed the Ermächtigungsgesetz (enabling act) with the necessary two-thirds majority that gave unlimited power to the National Socialists and their Führer Adolf Hitler. Only the deputies of the social democrats voted against. The reasons were presented by Otto Wels, leader of the SPD:

©Wikipedia
Die Wahlen vom 5. März haben den Regierungsparteien die Mehrheit gebracht und damit die Möglichkeit gegeben, streng nach Wortlaut und Sinn der Verfassung zu regieren. Wo diese Möglichkeit besteht, besteht auch die Pflicht ...

Die Verfassung der Weimarer Republik ist keine sozialistische Verfassung. Aber wir stehen zu den Grundsätzen des Rechtsstaates und der Gleichberechtigung, des sozialen Rechtes. Wir deutschen Sozialdemokraten bekennen uns in dieser geschichtlichen Stunde feierlich zu den Grundsätzen der Menschlichkeit und der Gerechtigkeit, der Freiheit und des Sozialismus. Kein Ermächtigungsgesetz gibt Ihnen die Macht, Ideen, die ewig und unzerstörbar sind, zu vernichten ...

Das Sozialistengesetz hat die Sozialdemokratie nicht vernichtet. Auch aus neuen Verfolgungen kann die deutsche Sozialdemokratie neue Kraft schöpfen ...


(The elections of March 5, 1933, gave the governing parties the majority and hence the possibility to govern stringently according to our constitution. Where there is the possibility there is the obligation too ...

The constitution of the Weimar Republic is no socialist constitution but we are standing for the principles of the constitutional state and the equality of social rights. In this historic moment we German social democrats declare the fundamental principles of humanity and justice, of freedom and socialism. No enabling act will give you the power to destroy ideas that are eternal and indestructible ...

[Bismark's] Anti-Socialist Law did not destroy social democracy. The German social democracy will again draw strength from new persecutions).

And then still attached to nineteen century thinking Wels added: Freiheit und Leben kann man uns nehmen, die Ehre nicht! (You can take our freedom and lives, but you can't take our honor!)

Eventually the Reichstag passed the law with 444 against 94 votes of the social democrats giving dictatorial power to the Nazis. The separation of power was wiped out. Detention of social democrats started already the day after. Wels escaped to Prag. He was deprived of his German citizenship in August 1933. In 1938 when the Nazis threatened the Czech Republic he fled to Paris where he died in exile in September 1939.

Separation of power is the base of democracy. Today Red Baron read in the NYT about @POTUS' ideas for Republicans not voting Trumpcare: Trump Warns House Republicans: Repeal Health Law or Lose Your Seats. Will @POTUS start baking his own deputies?

Saturday, March 18, 2017

Gröber And No End

The proposed renaming of streets in Freiburg caused a flood of letters to the editor of our local newspaper Badische Zeitung. A name frequently mentioned and commented on was that of Conrad Gröber archbishop of Freiburg during the Nazi era and continuing after the war. Red Baron had mentioned Gröber's name in the context of a renaming of streets already in 2012.

New documents found in a Paris archive became recently available and prove that Gröbner not only became a Fördermitglied (supporting member) of the SS in 1934 but had a Jewish mistress in the early 1930s called Irene Fuchs. In the beginning of the 1920s as a parish priest at Messkirch (The place where Martin Heidegger dwelt) he had known Irene as a 16 year old girl. Her father had asked Gröber who was member of the advisory board of the Fürsorgeorganisation (caring organization) for endangered women, girls, and children to look after his daughter.

Irene studied law in Freiburg and there they met again when apparently she became Gröber's mistress. Already in 1931 Gröber noted: Sie zerfiel mit mir (we fell apart) but in 1933 he let her down. The question is: Did he ditch her because she was a Jew or had he started another affair? Apparently in those years a couple of ladies thought to be Gröber's Auserwählte (chosen one), a situation that led to some tensions.

Suddenly the SS-supporting archbishop had a problem while the Gestapo (Secret State Police) saw a possibility to get rid of him. They interrogated Irene Fuchs twice trying to prove that she and Gröber committed Rassenschande (racial defilement). But Irene held her tongue.

The Nazis convened with the Catholic church that the archbishop was to be questioned by his auxiliary bishop. Confronted during the interview with the facts Gröber ought to have said: Was haben Wir da bloß wieder gemacht? (What simply did We do again?). Later Gröber noted: Es ist ein Gegenwartskuriosum, dass man die Jüdin als Kronzeugin gegen mich deutschstämmigen Mann … aufruft und vernimmt (It is an oddity in the present time that one calls on and interrogates the Jewish woman as a key witness against me, an ethnic German). Some historians think that it was Gröber himself who denunciated Irene to Gauleiter Robert Wagner.

Gröber did not leave the SS voluntarily. Reichsführer SS Heinrich Himmler himself struck the archbishop from the membership list in 1938. When in the 1940s the Nazis started to attack the Catholic Church Gröber became a fierce adversary of the regime and was hailed as such after the war.

Archbishop Gröber in his sleeping and working room in 1946 (©Ezbischöfliches Archiv)
Irene Fuchs survived in her London exile, her father died before the war, and her mother was gassed in Auschwitz in 1944.

Wednesday, March 15, 2017

The End of a Bratwurst War

There is a German proverb: Alles hat ein Ende, nur die Wurst hat zwei (There is one end to everything only a sausage has two). Finally Freiburg's bratwurst war only had one and I may say a lucky end too.

Remember: initially there were eight places for vendors of grilled sausages on Münster market but their number had been reduced to five making room for a diversified offer with a veggie, a fish and a regional product stand. When the bids for the remaining five bratwurst stands came in two of the traditional vendors failed the conditions and had to leave.

In the following rumors and internal quarrels spoiled the appetite of many a wurst eater in such a way that the top contender bio (organic) butcher Hügle aggressed by his contenders eventually threw the towel. This created a slot for the initially disdained bratwurst vendor Uhl leaving the people at Hauber's Wurststand still weeping. Recently they had announced to go to court.

Suddenly yesterday the situation turned dramatically. Twice the city had asked for bids for a stand selling regional products but both vendors chosen eventually withdrew. In this situation the town hall toing and froing decreed that the open slot will be attributed to Hauber.

From April 1, on (what a foolish date) we shall have peace again on Münster market with six vendors offering the Lange Rote in a bun or in half a baguette plus other types of bratwurst at the Meier's, Hassler's, Hauber's, Uhl's, Licht's, and Schuler's stands. In addition and hopefully with a correct German orthography the already existing tofu stand as well as Faths and not Fath's fish-snacks will fill the remaining two slots.

Before
After (©BZ/Ingo Schneider)

Monday, March 13, 2017

Protest Dancing

Freiburg's new university library remains in the news. End of last year an entrance door to the cafeteria that wheelchair users could not pass was changed from architecturally inclined (following the glass surface of the building) to normal vertical causing an outcry of the architect.

A flooding due to an intentionally clogged toilet on a Sunday earlier this year caused considerable damage to ceilings and floors. Presently rumors are circulating.

The situation with respect to bicycle parking around the library has become dramatic. Although the area in front of the library is vast Red Baron has to find its way around bicycles blocking the footpath during daytime. When the new boulevard will be opened in 2018 the new "old" university campus will take shape too. Until then the bicycle parking situation has to be solved.

Just opposite to the library at the corner of Werthmannstraße/Rempartstraße there is a fountain that has not seen water for years. Some years ago due to financial reasons the city of Freiburg had reduced the number of fountains operated by the municipality. Following a public outcry a couple of firms and institutions took over the patronage of many of those abandoned fountains sponsoring water supply and maintenance. However, the one between the university library and the university canteen remained dry possibly due to the continuing building activity in the area.

In looking for an additional bicycle storage area the city is considering the surface of the waterless fountain that is however unofficially used by a self-organized dancing scene for it takes two to tango. In protest against the plans of the city the dancers organized an around-the-clock dancing last Saturday. The protest dancing is documented in the following photo.
University library and municipal theater are seen in the background (©Der Sonntag/Rothermel)

Sunday, March 12, 2017

An Evening Stroll

This is the third part of a series of blogs about my January 2017 visit to Hamburg. On my way I became nervous whether the train would be on time. Although our group was to meet at the hotel at 4 p.m. I was longing to eat a Finkenwerder Speckscholle for lunch. The plaice caught in the North Sea by fishermen located at Finkenwerder, a fishing village on the other side of the Elbe river) is served fried with bacon at a restaurant called Alter Hamburger Aalspeicher (Old Hamburg Eel Storage) located on Deichstraße (Dyke Street).

Note my trolley bag.
The train was on time and I took a taxi to Deichstraße. I arrived at twenty past one at the restaurant and took a seat. When the waitress arrived she told me that all tables were reserved. I started to cry telling her that my only desire had been to eat a Finkenwerder Speckscholle at her place. When she noticed my despair she told me to sit and calm down serving me the desired food twenty minutes later. She saved my day.

Served with Hamburger Kartoffelsalat (potato salad) but foreign beer: Jever Pils
The houses of Deichstraße are built on the dyke that is taming the waters of the Alster river flowing into the Elbe nearby.

A photo taken from the waterfront
It was here where on May 5, 1842, the great Hamburg fire started and destroyed most of the houses including the old town hall that was even blasted to stop the fire from spreading.

The entrace porch of the house was reused.
On May 8, the fire eventually came to a halt at a place that was afterwards named Brandsende (blaze's end), now a street near Hamburg's main train station.

The fire started at Deichstraße in the left lower corner
and spared the buildings in red, in particular Hamburg's newly built Stock Exchange.
Black spots are blasted buildings (©Schleiden/Wikipedia)
Slowly I walked to my hotel looking at Hamburg's old landmark, the steeple of Sankt Michaelis (Saint Michael)...


... and had a distant view of Hamburg's new landmark, the Elbphilharmonie.


The TV set im my room reminded that I was sleeping in a Weltkulturerbe (world heritage). The Amron Hotel is built into one of the old Schuppen (storage buildings) with the breakfast room located on the other side of the Fleet (canal) and accessible via a passageway.

Hotel at the left, breakfast at the right.
When our guide arrived in the late afternoon she invited us to an evening stroll in Hamburg's city. The first place to visit was the "new" town hall.


On our way we passed a memorial for Heinrich Heine, one of the great German poets but badly treated  in the past because he was a leftist baptized German Jew. Banned from his fatherland he died of a broken heart in Paris in 1856 and was buried there. Here is some information in German about the fate of Heine's Hamburg memorial.

Heine memorial on Rathausmarkt

I never attached a great importance to my fame as a poet and
I did not care less whether the people praised or critizised my lieder
but you shall place a sword on my coffin
for I was a brave soldier in the liberation war of mankind.
When entering the lobby of the Rathaus I noticed for the first time that the columns were decorated by the portaits of famous persons born in Hamburg. One example is Bertold Hinrich Brockes, a poet of Enlightment.


Another example is Heinrich Hertz, the physicist, commemorated by the SI-unit for frequencies, i.e., kilohertz. In the Nazi era the Jew Hertz was persona not grata and so in Germany they were talking about kilohelmholtz in honor of Herman von Helmholtz. another great German but Arian physicist. They even went so far to destroy Hertz's relief in Hamburg's town hall. It was replaced in a different style after the war.


Passing the outflow of the Alster lake into the Alsterfleet I noticed that the high waters of the Alster were evacuated.


All excursion boats are waiting for their next day while the lights of the hotel Vier Jahreszeiten (Four Seasons) are reflected in the Binnenalster (Inner Alster lake).


Before our group went for dinner we visited Michaeliskirche (Saint Michel) with Martin Luther guarding the entrance.