|The Greiffenegg-Schlössle above Freiburg |
and its chestnut-shaded beer-garden behind
Without going back in history to the Romans it was Bertold II, Duke of Zähringen, who in 1091 decided to build his Castrum de Friburch on the strategically important hill above the future city of Freiburg. No pictures exist but Hartmann von Aue ought have written songs about the most beautiful castle in the region.
Over the centuries buildings and fortifications on Schlossberg were frequently destroyed but just as frequently reconstructed.
|The Burghaldenschloss at the time of the Thirty Years War|
|The Leopoldsburg in 1670 looks like a stronghold|
Immediately Louis XIV ordered his fortress architect Vauban to embattail the city according to modern standards as a French fort on German territory. Genius Vauban considered incorporating the Vieux Château (Burghaldenschloss) into the new fortification not as a problem but rather took it as an opportunity. In enlarging the existing installations on Schlossberg he transformed them into a refuge. Should Freiburg be taken by an enemy the city's troops would initially retreat to Fort de l'Aigle - due to its form also called chamber pot - then in case of need move even higher up into Fort de St. Pierre, and eventually as a last resort pull back to Fort Carré.
|Vauban's fortification around Freiburg and on Schlossberg: |
Fort de l'Aigle, Fort de St. Pierre, and at the far end Fort Carré.
|The Fort Carré, the last resort (©BZ)|
|Vauban's masterpiece: Neuf Brisach|