was the motto of a one-day colloquium at the Hotel Stadt Breisach on the city’s Münsterberg. Already occupied by the Romans as a strategic landmark, this rock was later disputed by many rulers, in particular during wars between Germany and France.
|The coat of arms of Breisach’s rulers throughout the centuries|
are painted on the wall of the town hall (©Flominator/Wikipedia)
|Fortification of Breisach on the Rhine under French rule (©Bertram Jenisch)|
Initially, the southwest of the Holy Roman Empire was spared by the war, for the Dukedom of Württemberg worked like a protective shield for the Habsburg territories located further west on the two banks of the Rhine river. Duke John Frederick was a member of the Protestant Union standing against the Catholic League, but after the defeat of the Union at the Battle of Wimpfen on May 6, 1622, where he lost his youngest brother the Duke concluded a non-aggression treaty with the Habsburg emperor.
|In the countryside, the impact of the Battle of Wimpfen is still visible (©Rudolf Landauer)|
|The Spanish Road (©Miguelazo/Wikipedia)|
Red Baron also learned that one of the reasons why Emperor Ferdinand III ceded the German-speaking Alsace to France in the Peace Treaty of Westphalia was that he did not want the French having a seat and a vote at the Imperial Diet. On the other hand, occupying the German territories of Verden and Pomerania, the Swedes had that right.
|The Battle of Wittstock (©Sabine Eickhoff)|
|Man is man’s death (©Stefan Mäder)|