This year, the 75th anniversary of the liberation, the infamous day was officially remembered in the presence of heads of states at Yad Vashem in Israel.
In contrast, Freiburg had chosen to commemorate on a low key with two lectures framed by the music of the Freiburg Gescher Choir.
Lord Mayor Martin Horn introduced the commemoration referring to recent anti-Semite incidences in the city. To the applause of the audience, he stressed that racism, hate, and exclusion have no place in Freiburg.
Two little-known facts of Jewish life in Freiburg and it's surroundings before the beginning of National Socialism were presented in two lectures. Julia Böcker talked about Zionist living environments in Freiburg.
Red Baron has written about the quest for a Jewish state before. The first Zionist Congress in Basel on August 31, 1897, adopted a resolution calling for the "creation of a home in Palestine secured under public law for those Jews who cannot or do not want to assimilate elsewhere."
In Freiburg, Zionism was not very popular for Jewish citizens regarded themselves as part of the middle-class society.
They even had Jewish student fraternities.
Many non-Jewish dueling fraternities regarded Jews incapable of giving satisfaction.
The second lecture by Rubin Frankenstein described the Markenhof, an active element of Zionism near Freiburg.
|The Markenhof in the back|
|Harvest at the Markenhof|
|The building of the Markenhof today|
|The synagogue annex at the Markenhof|
|The inside of the former synagogue|
|A stained glass window of the former synagogue|
|The exhaust of an air shelter at the Kibbutz Beth Sera showing the sign reading: |
Hier wohnen vergnügt die Markenhofer (This is where the Markenhofers live happily).
At the end of his talk, Rubin Frankenstein asked the mayor of Kirchzarten being present that a commemorative plaque is fixed at the building of the former Markenhof.